9 plants for a mountain garden

9 plants for a mountain garden

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The steep mountain terrain is home to its own vegetation. Conifers and deciduous trees share the upper layer while the ground is littered with flowering perennials with a wild appearance.

Discover 9 hardy plants to grow in your mountain garden.

A demanding climate

Harsh winters, big temperature variations and sometimes dry soil in summer. The mountain climate does not make life easier for our plants. Winter is characterized by snowfall, which sometimes weighs heavily on the plants. Not to mention the particularly cold and intense fog and wind. Frost lasts until the end of May and begins in October.

The beautiful season is then shorter for our plants which hasten to grow in order to offer us a flower garden. You will understand, not all plants are suitable for this type of climate! However in the mountains, you can enjoy unique flora with undeniable charm.

Trees for a mountain garden

Himalayan cedar

  • Variety: Cedrus deodara
  • Hardiness: -25 ° C
  • Interest: Its long, flexible rosette needles
  • Exhibition: Sun
  • Ground : deep
  • The little extra? Its bluish foliage and its columnar port are the most beautiful effect in a mountain landscape.

Common hazel

  • Variety: Corylus avellana
  • Hardiness: -25 ° C
  • Flowering period: between February and April (a little later in the mountains)
  • Interest: its pretty round leaves and hazelnuts that you harvest at the end of summer
  • Exhibition: sun, partial shade
  • Ground : drained
  • The little extra? Male flowers: decorative, yellow, drooping catkins.


  • Variety: Fraxinus excelsior
  • Hardiness: -30 ° C
  • Flowering period: April
  • Interest: its lanceolate compound leaves of medium green forming a rounded crown with pleasant shade in summer
  • Exhibition: sun, partial shade
  • Ground : deep, neutral to lime
  • The little extra? Its rapid growth!

Altitude shrubs


  • Variety: Crataegus laevigata ‘Paul’s Scarlet’
  • Hardiness: -30 ° C
  • Flowering period: april to june
  • Interest: its fragrant, dark pink flowers organized in bouquets and its foliage turning red in fall
  • Exhibition: sun, partial shade
  • Ground : drained
  • The little extra? Its thorny branches which form defensive hedges.


  • Variety: Rhododendron Roseum ‘Elegans’
  • Hardiness: -20 ° C
  • Flowering period: June
  • Interest: its large, trumpet-shaped, purple-pink flowers with long white-pink stamens
  • Exhibition: partial shade, shade
  • Ground : rich, drained, neutral to acidic
  • The little extra? Its exotic allure linked to its exuberant and colorful flowers.

Rugosa rose

  • Variety: Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’
  • Hardiness: -20 ° C
  • Flowering period: June to October
  • Interest: its simple, white flowers made up of 5 petals welcoming a bouquet of yellow stamens
  • Exhibition: sun, partial shade
  • Ground : any type of loose soil
  • The little extra? Its edible fruits that can be enjoyed in jellies.

Mountain perennials

Edelweiss of the Alps

  • Variety: Leontopodium alpinum
  • Hardiness: -35 ° C
  • Flowering period: april to july
  • Interest: its star-shaped flowers with a woolly texture
  • Exhibition: Sun
  • Ground : well drained, neutral to lime
  • The little extra? It is ideal for rockery and its dried flowers form beautiful bouquets.

Mountain blueberry

  • Variety: Centaurea montana ‘Violetta’
  • Hardiness: -18 ° C
  • Flowering period: May to July
  • Interest: its erect stems topped with flared, frayed flowers of an electric purple
  • Exhibition: sun, partial shade
  • Ground : drained
  • The little extra? Its lanceolate green-gray foliage.


  • Variety: Delphinium ‘Pacific Blue Bird’
  • Hardiness: -25 ° C
  • Flowering period: June, July, September
  • Interest: its large inflorescences composed of open flowers of an intense blue with a white heart
  • Exhibition: Sun
  • Ground : rich, light and deep
  • The little extra? Measuring up to 1.80m, this perennial gives volume to flower beds.

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